Cyberbullying - Wikipedia
Tags: adult victimscivil lawcyberbullyinglawonline harassmentresponse . writing very hurtful things to my Ex Girlfriend and is also writing to her Cyber friends We Are Having The Same Problem In Butler,PA On Facebook. The Internet and social media have opened up many new options Does Pennsylvania have laws against online bullying or stalking of adults?. Cyberstalking; California Law; Federal Law; Resources Creating false online accounts on social networking and dating sites, impersonating.
This can be accelerated by search engines' ranking technologies and their tendency to return results relevant to a user's previous interests. This type of information spreading is hard to stop. Information cascades over social media and the Internet may also be harmless, and may contain truthful information. Examples include the campaign for the neologism "santorum" organized by the LGBT lobby. Google bombs can manipulate the Internet's search engines regardless of how authentic the pages are, but there is a way to counteract this type of manipulation as well.
Schools The safety of schools is increasingly becoming a focus of state legislative action. There was an increase in cyberbullying enacted legislation between and This is an anonymous resource for computer, smart phone or iPad.
When someone witnesses or is the victim of bullying, they can immediately report the incident. The app asks questions about time, location and how the bullying is happening, as well as providing positive action and empowerment regarding the incident. The reported information goes to a database, where it may be studied by administrators.
Common threads are spotted so others can intervene and break the bully's pattern. Currently, there are 45 cyberstalking and related laws on the books.
While some sites specialize in laws that protect victims age 18 and under, Working to Halt Online Abuse is a help resource containing a list of current and pending cyberstalking-related United States federal and state laws. California has the Safe Place to Learn Act and also has a law that states "the use of an electronic device to cause someone to fear for their life" can be charged with a misdemeanor which can be punishable to up to one year in prison.
In Missouri, anyone who violently threatens someone over social media can be convicted with a Class A misdemeanor, but if the victim is seventeen years or younger, they can be convicted with a Class D felony.
According to research, boys initiate negative online activity earlier than girls. However, by middle school, girls are more likely to engage in cyberbullying than boys.
Advice for Adult Victims of Cyberbullying
Studies on the psycho-social effects of cyberspace have begun to monitor the effects cyberbullying may have on the victims. Consequences of cyberbullying are multi-faceted, and affect online and offline behavior. Research on adolescents reported that changes in the victims' behavior as a result of cyberbullying could potentially be positive.
Victims "created a cognitive pattern of bullies, which consequently helped them to recognize aggressive people. The more extreme effects included self-harm. Children have killed each other and committed suicide after cyberbullying incidents. A target's understanding of why cyberstalking is happening is helpful to remedy and take protective action.
Among factors that motivate stalkers are envypathological obsession professional or sexualunemployment or failure with own job or life, or the desire to intimidate and cause others to feel inferior. There are resources dedicated to helping adult victims deal with cyberbullies legally and effectively. One of the steps recommended is to record everything and contact police.
Rates of cyberbullying increased with age, with 4. China In mainland China, cyberbullying has yet to receive adequate scholarly attention. A study investigating the risk factors of cyberbullying sampled high school students from central China. Data showed that It is common among high school students 28 out of 36 students to participate in social media platforms. This included insults, abuse, and the publishing of personal private pictures on social media without permission.
Finland Sourander et al. The authors of this study took the self-reports of Finish adolescents between the ages of 13 and 16 about cyberbullying and cybervictimization during the previous six months. It was found that, amongst the total sample, 4. The authors of this study were able to conclude that cyberbullying as well as cybervictimization is associated not only with psychiatric issues, but psychosomatic issues.Cyber Harassment and Cyber Stalking: The New Frontier of Civil Rights in the Twenty-First Century
Many adolescents in the study reported headaches or difficulty sleeping. The authors believe that their results indicate a greater need for new ideas on how to prevent cyberbullying and what to do when it occurs. It is clearly a worldwide problem that needs to be taken seriously.
Participation in this survey was voluntary for students, and consent had to be obtained from parents, students and the school itself. This survey was anonymous and confidential, and took 40 minutes to complete.
It asked questions on traditional forms of bullying as well as cyberbullying, risk behaviours and self-reported health and life satisfaction. Boys mostly said they were victims of traditional forms of bullying, and girls mostly were victims of both traditional forms of bullying and cyberbullying.
The number shows that online bullying is a serious concern in Japan. Teenagers who spend more than 10 hours a week on the Internet are more likely to become the targets of online bullying. Only 28 percent of the survey participants understood what cyberbullying is. However, they do know the severity of the issue; 63 percent of the surveyed students worried about being targeted as victims of cyberbullying.
To provide evidence that he or she is a victim of stalking, a tenant may provide to his or her landlord a police report written within the prior sixty days, a valid protection order, or a written statement from an application assistant who has consulted with the victim, which written statement confirms such fact.
Advice for Adult Victims of Cyberbullying
Enacted March 15, Enacted March 31, Enacted March 28, Amends the definition of the crime of stalking in the third degree to when such person recklessly causes another person in the victim's circumstances to reasonably fear for his or her physical safety, or 2 suffer substantial emotional distress, as defined in section 53ad, as amended by this act, by wilfully and repeatedly following or lying in wait for such other person.
Enacted May 10, Enacted March 7, Takes effect July 1, The person has knowledge or should have knowledge that a reasonable person would feel terrorized, frightened, intimidated, or threatened or fear that the person intends to cause bodily injury to, or the death of, that specific person or a member of the specific person's immediate family by the course of conduct.
Enacted February 6, Enacted February 27, Enacted April 13, Enacted May 19, Enacted May 23,